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General Appraiser Report Writing and Case Studies Education Schedule (PDF)
Education Catalog (PDF)
Some AI educational programs may not be approved in every state.
Students should check state approvals prior to registering for any Appraisal Institute program.

ClassroomOn-Demand Online EducationLive Online (Synchronous)

General Appraiser Report Writing & Case Studies provides instruction in effectively communicating a sound analysis of selected parts of a valuation. The course addresses USPAP requirements and the three types of writing most often used in appraisal reports: descriptive, numerical, and analytical. Lectures on writing principles, discussions of various sections of the appraisal report, and writing exercises provide guidance and practice in effective communication of a valuation analysis. Specific assignments include writing a thesis statement, summarizing data, creating effective tables, writing a conclusion, communicating highest and best use, communicating an analysis, writing a letter of transmittal, and writing a reconciliation and opinion of value.

Participants have 45 days from the session start date to complete the course material for this program. This course is completed at the student's own pace. This course has a two-hour multiple-choice examination that focuses on components of good writing.

Do I have to take the course exam?

You are required to complete and pass a proctored offline exam if:

    • you are taking this class to meet state qualifying education requirements
    • you are taking this class to meet the qualifying education requirements for an Appraisal Institute designation

You may be required to complete and pass a proctored offline exam if:

    • you are taking this class to meet state continuing education requirements.  Most states do not require the exam for CE credit, but please confirm this with your state licensing board.

You are not required to complete and pass a proctored offline exam if:

    • if you are taking this class to meet the continuing education requirements of an Appraisal Institute designation
You will have 90 days from the time that you complete the course to take the proctored exam. Testing center locations in your area can be found by clicking on this link:

Note. This course can also be used for MAI education requirements. Click here for details.


• Introduction
• Module 1: Introduction to Reports and Report Writing
• Module 2: Writing Correctly for Narrative Appraisal Reports
• Module 3: Punctuation for Appraisal Reports
• Module 4: Planning the Appraisal Report
• Module 5: Introduction to Arbour Bridge Case Study
• Module 6: Adding Emphasis in Narrative Appraisal Statements
• Module 7: Paragraphs for Narrative Appraisal Reports
• Module 8: Conclusions for Narrative Appraisal Reports
• Module 9: Reporting Numbers, Using Tables, Charts, Graphs, and Other Exhibits in an Appraisal Report
• Module 10: Reporting Highest and Best Use in the Arbour Bridge Case Study
• Module 11: Introduction to Presenting the Approaches
• Module 12: Reporting the Cost Approach in the Arbour Bridge Case Study
• Module 13: Reporting the Income Capitalization Approach in the Arbour Bridge Case Study
• Module 14: Reporting the Sales Comparison Approach in the Arbour Bridge Case Study
• Module 15: Writing Convincing Reconciliations
• Module 16: Writing Effective Letters of Transmittal
• Module 17: Other Information Appraisers Need to Know about Report Writing
• Conclusion

AI CE Credit for Designated members and Practicing Affiliates
• Attend Only = 175 points (residential) or 150 points (general)
• Attend and Pass Exam = 225 points (residential) or 200 points (general)
• Pass Exam Only = 200 points (residential) or 150 points (general)

General [Gen]


  • Basic Appraisal Principles
  • Basic Appraisal Procedures
  • National Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP) Course, 15-Hour
  • General Market Analysis and Highest & Best Use
  • General Appraiser Site Valuation and Cost Approach
  • General Appraiser Sales Comparison Approach
  • General Appraiser Income Approach/Part 1
  • General Appraiser Income Approach/Part 2
  • Real Estate Finance, Statistics, and Valuation Modeling
  • Audience
    Those seeking general Appraiser Certification and appraisers who want to improve their writing skills.

    Required Technology

  • A financial calculator is required. The accepted model used in the course is the HP-12C. Candidates taking most AI exams may bring their own calculator to use during the exam. Candidates should be fully aware that AI courses are developed with HP12C keystrokes, and that using an HP12C is highly recommended.
  • IMPORTANT! You will be asked to clear the calculator's memory before and after the examination. Only one calculator is permitted in the testing room.
  • Laptops, cellular phones, tablets, iPads, wearable technology (smart watch, Apple Watch, Google Glass, etc.), and other devices that can store data or connect to the Internet are NOT permitted during the exam. In addition, all watches, wallets, bags, and purses must be removed and stored out of reach prior to taking the exam.
  • HP-12C calculator user's manual
  • You must be familiar with calculator operation when the course begins. Answers to problems in course material are shown using the HP-12C. Do not come to class expecting to be taught how to use a financial calculator.
  • Free Review:Using a Financial Calculator; Formulas, Symbols, Math Review, and Sample Problems and Financial Calculator Practice Exercises
  • For additional help with the HP-12C calculator, take our online seminar, Using Your HP-12C Financial Calculator
  • Recommended Text
    None Specified.

    AI Price: $ 459.00
    Full Price: $ 559.00

    Click Here for State Approvals

    Richard C. DuBay, SRPA, SRA

    I agree to the terms and policies set forth under the Appraisal Institute Online Education Policy. I also certify that I am the person identified above under Personal Data and that I will personally complete each assigned module of instruction and any examination(s). I understand and agree that if I misrepresent my identity or arrange for someone else to represent himself or herself as me at any time during the Appraisal Institute online course or seminar, I will be immediately removed from the course or seminar and I will not be entitled to any refund. I further understand that if I am a member of the Appraisal Institute and participated in any misrepresentation of identity, by affirmative act or failure to act, that I will be the subject of a peer review proceeding under Regulation No. 6 for violation of the Appraisal Institute's Code of Professional Ethics and Standard of Professional Appraisal Practice, and that such peer review proceeding may result in termination of my Appraisal Institute membership.

    Additional Information
    Please allow 1 hour after registration to start an online session in progress (on or after the session start date). Go to and log in with the username and password you used when you registered. You will automatically be taken to the "My Appraisal Institute" page. Near the middle of that page your course will be listed with a link next to it that says "Go To Class".

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